The EU ELV Directive 2000/53/EC pre-dates the WEEE and RoHS Directives; it was formalised in 2000, and came into force from July 2003. The Directive is designed to limit the amount of waste arising from the disposal of motor vehicles at the end of their useful life.
There are two aspects to the legislation. The first is the requirement for the manufacturer to consider the recycling of as much of the vehicle as possible, and take responsibility for the disposal and treatment of the rest. The second is to reduce the potential for hazardous substances to reach landfill, in a similar method to RoHS. The list of hazardous substances reads similar to RoHS:
Hexavalent Chromium (Cr6)
At the time of this legislation, Solder in electronic circuit boards was actually an exempt category. However, with the advent of RoHS, car manufacturers can now choose our RoHS compliant products, and know that they are exceeding the requirements of ELV.